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In July 1450, a mysterious man known as Jack Cade led a huge force of common men from Kent into London A ______________ . This episode is generally regarded as being outside the bounds of the Wars of the Roses, but those edges are blurred and elastic.
When Jack Cade entered the capital, he struck the London Stone, B______________, and, according to Shakespeare, proclaimed: “Now is Mortimer lord of this city!” After this, Cade openly adopted the provocative name John Mortimer. The Mortimer line was considered by many C_______________, since the Mortimers were heirs apparent to Richard II – so adding weight to the later Yorkist claim to the throne. In 1460 Richard, Duke of York would trace his lineage from Edward III’s second surviving son, Lionel, Duke of Clarence, whose only daughter had married Edmund Mortimer. The House of Lancaster was descended from John of Gaunt, Edward III’s third son. The Mortimer Earls of March had been considered the lawful heirs of the childless Richard II before he was deposed, D_______________. Was Jack Cade a son of this deposed line seeking restitution?
Many would later claim E________________ to use the name ‘Mortimer’ to measure the response to it. Historians claimed that the object of the uprising was to place York upon the throne. Cade was called “an instrument of the Duke of York”.
Cade — who was captured F_____________ — is a fascinating, elusive figure. Was he a genuine claimant to the throne, a social campaigner, or a puppet?
- to be senior to the Lancastrian line
- that Richard, Duke of York had arranged for Cade
- and fatally wounded following the failure of his rebellion
- to protest against the ailing government of the Lancastrian king Henry VI
- that he could create such an imaginary world
- and the Lancastrian kings eyed them with suspicion
- which can still be seen on Cannon Street