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Shakespeare’s plays display countless themes, some of which develop through the body of plays as a whole

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя. Запишите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в поле ответа.

Shakespeare’s plays display countless themes, some of which develop through the body of plays as a whole. The idea, though, that people, events and things in our world are often not what they seem, A __________________ . Indeed, some of the plays, for example ‘A Midsummer Night’s Dream‘ and ‘The Tempest’, are largely about the confusion between what is real and what is not. This theme of appearance and reality is one B __________________.

What is appearance and reality? Well, as Shakespeare himself put it: ‘All that glisters is not gold.’ At its most simple level, the way some characters appear to the other characters on the one hand and the way C __________________ on the other is often different. Iago in ‘Othello’ conceals his real nature behind a facade of honesty and is trusted by all, whereas, in his dealings with everyone D __________________.

The characters in Shakespeare’s plays often wear masks. The stage convention was that E __________________ no-one would recognise him or her, so characters could appear to a friend as a stranger, or as anonymous, or hide his or her identity for any other purpose.

Several characters conceal their true identity behind disguises. The Duke of Kent, for example, banished by King Lear, determines to stay with him and look after him: he disguises himself as a servant. The device of disguise is highly dramatic and Shakespeare exploited it to the full.

One of Shakespeare’s favourite tricks was to disguise a girl as a boy. Probably the two most famous are Viola in ‘Twelfth Night’ and Rosalind in ‘As You Like It’. In those cases everyone is deceived, F _______________.

  1. they appear to the audience
  2. if a character was wearing a mask
  3. he is manipulative and remorseless
  4. is at the heart of all the plays
  5. as the action developed
  6. that runs through many of Shakespeare’s plays
  7. regarding appearance as the reality

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