Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между высказываниями каждого говорящего A–F и утверждениями, данными в списке 1–7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы можете прослушать запись дважды.
- The details should be documented.
- It is better to avoid taking medicines.
- You should rest if you are ill.
- Using relaxation methods is helpful.
- The best strategy is to range tasks.
- Communication reduces stress.
- Many ways to solve problems can be found.
For me, a lack of sleep is a significant cause of stress. Unfortunately, stress also interrupts my sleep as thoughts keep whirling through my head, stopping me from relaxing enough to fall asleep. Rather than relying on medication, I maximise my relaxation before going to sleep. I prefer to make sure that my bedroom is a tranquil oasis with no reminders of the things that cause me stress. I always avoid caffeine during the evening.
Each day, I try to relax with a stress reduction technique. There are many tried and tested ways to reduce stress. One very simple technique for me is to focus on a word that has a positive meaning to me. Words such as «calm», «love» and «peace» work well. I didn’t worry when I found it difficult to relax at first. I understood that relaxation is a skill that needs to be learned and will improve with practice.
I think that just talking to someone about how I feel can be helpful. Talking can work by either distracting me from my stressful thoughts or releasing some of the built-up tension by discussing it. My stress can cloud my judgment and prevent me from seeing things clearly. Talking things through with a friend, a work colleague, or even a trained professional with good references, can help me find solutions to my stress and put my problems into perspective.
I’ve understood that keeping a stress diary for a few weeks is an effective stress management tool as it helps me become more aware of the situations which cause me to become stressed. I note down the date, time and place of each stressful episode, and note what I was doing, who I was with, and how I felt both physically and emotionally. I give each stressful episode a stress rating and use the diary to understand how effective I am in stressful situations.
As for me, stress can be triggered by a problem that may on the surface seem impossible to solve. One problem-solving technique, which I use, involves writing down the problem and coming up with as many possible solutions as I can. I decide on the good and bad points of each one and select the best solution. I write down each step that I need to take as part of the solution.
At times, I feel overburdened by my ‘To Do’ list and this is a common cause of stress for me. I need to accept that I cannot do everything at once and start to prioritise my tasks. I’ve decided to make a list of all the things that I need to do and list them in order of genuine priority. I note what tasks I need to do personally and what can be delegated to others.